Dozens of measles cases confirmed in 3 new states amid Washington outbreak

Health authorities have confirmed 40 cases of measles in Vancouver, Washington. The best solution to this disease is vaccination; However, a recent wave of anti-vaccines is putting the lives of children and adults at risk.

Of the figure, 38 are in southwestern Washington state, one in Seattle and one outside Portland, Oregon, officials said on Wednesday, January 30. Two of the patients in southwestern Washington had visited Hawaii, where they were quarantined, and a third person was infected during a trip to Bend, Oregon.

Authorities believe no one was exposed to measles in Hawaii, but the Clark County Public Health Center said there are another 13 suspected cases.

Of the confirmed cases, the majority corresponds to children under 10 years of age. Of all the infected, only a small number were not vaccinated against the disease.

The governor of Washington, Jay Inslee, declared last week a state of emergency due to the outbreak. Measles is an infectious disease caused by a virus, which is spread easily from person to person through sneezing or coughing.

The virus can live in the air for up to two hours. If a non-immune person breathes it or has contact with an infected surface it is very likely to develop the condition.

According to specialists, measles is one of the most contagious diseases known to date. Each time someone acquires it, 90% of their close contacts become susceptible to developing it.

The vaccine is highly effective to prevent any infection, it is recommended to vaccinate children between 12 and 15 months of age, and again from 4 to 6 years old.

These two doses of vaccines protect 97% of the chances of getting measles. Specialists recommend that women planning to become pregnant talk about vaccination plans.

It is important to keep in mind that people vaccinated against measles who get to contract the disease have milder symptoms and a much quieter and easier course to heal. In addition, they are considered immune to contracting the disease a second time.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (CDC), one or two of every 1,000 children who get measles will die from complications.

In 1978, the CDC set a goal to eliminate measles from the United States in 1982. Measles was declared eliminated - which is defined as the absence of continued transmission of the disease for more than 12 months - from the United States in 2000.

But recently there has been an increase in unvaccinated children. The proportion of children who did not receive doses of vaccines at 2 years increased from 0.9% among those born in 2011 to 1.3% among those born in 2015, the CDC reported in October.

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