Walt Disney's Life and the Ups and Downs He Faced on His Journey to Success
Behind the iconic, Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck and successful Walt Disney Company were the brilliant Walt Disney. However, his life was not always happily ever after.
Walt Disney has created some of the most loved cartoons and animated characters over the years. He masterminded movies, merchandise, and amusement parks.
The brilliant cartoonist established an enviable business empire using fantasy and fun. However, he faced his fair share of setbacks and issues. Here is a look at his journey to success.
American producer, director, and animator Walt Disney (1901 - 1966), circa 1955. | Getty Images
Early Career in Kansas City
Walt Disney started his career in Kansas City but did not achieve financial success. However, he used the time to experiment and learn animation. He created his first animated series and also trained a number of young artists.
In Kansas, he worked for Pesman-Rubin Commercial Art Studio and designed letterhead and advertisements with his longtime friend and associate Ub Iwerks. Both Disney and Iwerks were eventually fired and decided to start their own company called Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists. However, their company only stayed open for a month.
American animator and producer Walt Disney with one of his creations Mickey Mouse | Getty Images
Finding Work Again
Following the closure of their company, the friends landed jobs at the Kansas City Slide Company that was later renamed the Kansas City Film Ad Company. They made one-minute advertisements that appeared before movies and live-action films.
At this job, Disney learned more about animation and felt confident enough to branch out on his own again. He left the Film Ad Company in May of 1922 and started Laugh-O-Gram Films in the McConahy building at 31st Street and Forest Avenue.
Disney Parks Christmas Day Parade TV special December 6, 2013 at the Magic Kingdom park at Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. | Getty Images
Once he launched his company, Disney advertised in a newspaper looking for artists who wanted to learn animation. He was offering them a position in his company.
The first popular film he produced was "Alice’s Wonderland." It was created by the company and Disney went on to make a series of films called "The Alice Comedies."
Mickey and Minnie Mouse are seen in front of the Sleeping Beauty Castle at the new Disneyland Park on September 1, 2005 in Hong Kong. | Getty Images
Disney and Staff
He operated his new company for a year and a half but while he had the best ideas, he lacked business skills. His were not being paid and eventually left.
In turn, Disney was forced to declare bankruptcy. He left Kansas City in July of 1923 and headed to Hollywood and was followed by talented artists like Ub Iwerks, Rudolf Ising, Hugh Harman, and Friz Freleng.
Walt Disney during a visit to England for the filming of "The Sword And The Rose." | Getty Images
Disney in Hollywood
After arriving in Hollywood, he borrowed $500 from his uncle and recruited his brother Roy to help him launch the Disney Brothers Studio. He released his Alice Comedies with the help of a New York Distributor.
Roy was employed as the studio manager, and Ub Iwerks and Ham Hamilton were hired as animators. The Alice Comedies were extremely popular which allowed Disney to build a new studio on Hyperion Avenue.
Walt Disney (1901-1966), American cartoonist and film maker. | Getty Images
Losing His Staff
In 1927, after Disney created another hit character called Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, his company was hit with a major setback. His distributor in New York, Charles Mintz, hired most of Disney’s animators.
He also refused to negotiate a fair contract in an attempt to force Disney to work for him. He claimed Universal Studios owned all of Disney’s creations. However, Disney did not give in and returned to Hollywood, with Roy, and his one loyal animator, Iwerks, to work on a new character.
Mickey Mouse is Born
Walt Disney characters Minnie Mouse and Mickey Mouse attend the 99th Annual 6abc Dunkin' Donuts Thanksgiving Day Parade | Getty Images
Iwerks drew the character, and Disney voiced him. According to Disney, Mickey Mouse was inspired by his pet mouse in his office in Kansas City.
Disney released Steamboat Willie in 1928. He contracted with Pat Powers and his Cinephone technology to create the most successful sound cartoon and "The Silly Symphonies" Series was released in 1929.
Walt Disney's weekly, American, February 20, 1945. | Getty Images
Once again, success brought disaster for Disney. In 1930, Pat Powers tried to gain control of the new Mickey Mouse cartoons and hired most of Disney staff including Ub Iwerks.
Powers thought Disney might join him too if he offered him a hefty salary, however, Disney and Roy decided against it and purchased their contract from Powers. They went on to find a new distributor and successfully launched Mickey Mouse as one of the most beloved iconic cartoon characters in the world.
The Disney-MGM Studios logo sits on a building November 11, 2001 in Orlando, Florida. | Getty Images
The Walt Disney Studio
In 1925, Walt Disney changed the name of the Disney Brothers Studio was changed to the Walt Disney Studio. In the same year, Disney married Lillian Bounds.
They had two daughters, Sharon and Diane, together. By the end of his career, Disney was one of the most well known and successful visionaries of his time.
Walt Disney, creator of Mickey Mouse, with his wife and two daughters at Waterloo station after arriving on the Queen Mary boat train | Getty Images
Walt Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards won and was known for his relentless work ethic and vision.